Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Chapter 10, first paragraphs in rough draft.

Chapter 10: France Ignores the Pope.

Remember that Spain and Portugal claimed all of the newly discovered lands. In 1494 the Pope divided the “lands discovered or to be discovered,” drawing an imaginary line three hundred and seventy leagues (about one thousand miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands; all lands west of this line were to belong to Spain. The lands east of it were to belong to Portugal. Brazil was the only part of the New World that Portugal could claim.
England and Holland ignored Spanish and Portuguese claims and the pope’s Line of Demarkation. Francis I, the King of France, scornfully said: “I should like you to show me, that part of Father Adam's will which divides America between you and leaves out the French.” French fishing fleets visited the Grand Banks near Newfoundland at least since John Cabot found them, and some think maybe before that. But fish were not gold. As did everyone else, the French wanted a quick route to India and China.

Giovanni da Verrazzano

            Without giving him a royal commission to do so, the French encouraged Giovanni de Verrazzano (1485–1528) to explore North America. He had experience sailing to North America. About 1508 Verrazzano, an Italian seaman and merchant, sailed with Thomas Aubert to the fishing areas near what is now Canada. Aubert returned with descriptions of the land and with Native Americans who amazed the French with their dress, weapons and canoes. In 1522 King Francis asked Verrazzano to explore the coast from Florida to Newfoundland. Portuguese merchants heard of this and informed the king of Portugal. Spies were everywhere! The next year he sailed with four ships toward the Grand Banks, but four months out a storm sank two of them and damaged the other two, and they returned to France for repairs.

1 comment:

  1. Short and makes me want to read more. And yes, spies are good.