Thursday, May 28, 2015

So ... The Line of Demarcation for 4-6 grades.



Balboa’s route over the mountains was impractical. It was dangerous, hard traveling. No trade with Asia could happen over it. The Portuguese had a monopoly on the waterways around Africa. Spain and Portugal had conflicting claims, and they turned to the Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, to settle issues. The pope had considerable political influence in the 15th Century, and he was the head of the church honored in both countries. In 1454 Pope Nicholas V granted rulership over all the lands the Portuguese might discover from Cabo de Não,[1] Africa, to India. The pope was willing to do this and the Portuguese to accept it because of their view of religion. They assumed they had the right to take away the sovereignty of other people because God favored them but not non-believers in other lands.
            Spanish exploration put Spain into conflict with Portugal. The Spanish king appealed to Pope Alexander VI, himself a Spaniard, and in May 1493 the pope issued a decree granting the Spanish king “all islands or continents that may be found” westward of the Azores and Canary Islands. [Find these on a map.] The earlier decree meant that all lands east of this Line of Demarcation belonged to Portugal, but Portuguese explorers sailed the Brazilian coast, laying claim to it. This caused further conflict which was settled by treaty in 1494. The rest of European seafaring nations were ignored. They felt free to ignore both the Papal decrees and the treaty.


[1]              Cabo de Não is now known as Cape Chaunar. It translates as Cape No, and in the 13th Century it was believed to be the limit of safe sailing.

2 comments:

roberto said...

Is this your Medieval book?

Sha'el, Princess of Pixies said...

No, this is a history of colonial America.